Logical subject

Logical subject
Логическое подлежащее
Логическое подлежащее инфинитива, герундия или причастия (Infinitive, Gerund, Participle) - это лицо или предмет, к которому, как к подлежащему, относится действие, выраженное соответствующим инфинитивом / герундием / причастием (см. примеры ниже).
1) В предложении John wants to eat this peach - Джон хочет съесть этот персик логическим подлежащим инфинитива to eat является Джон (Джон хочет, чтобы Джон съел персик), а в предложении John wants Mary to eat the peach - Джон хочет, чтобы Мери съела этот персик логическим подлежащим инфинитива to eat является Мери.
2) В предложении I regret having bought the car - Я жалею, что купил эту машину логическим подлежащим герундия having bought является сам говорящий (Я жалею, что я купил эту машину). В предложении I regret her leaving — Сожалею, что она уехала, логическим подлежащим герундия leaving является уехавшая женщина.
3) В предложении Feeling tired, I went to bed — Почувствовав усталость, я лег спать логическим подлежащим причастия feeling является говорящий (Так как я почувствовал усталость, я лег спать). В предложении We stood on the bridge connecting two halves of the building — Мы стояли на мосту, соединявшем две половины здания логическим подлежащим причастия connecting является мост.

English-Russian grammar dictionary. 2014.

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Смотреть что такое "Logical subject" в других словарях:

  • logical subject — The logical subjects of a sentence are whatever would be referred to by the referential expressions in a sentence whose surface form truly exhibited its logical form …   Philosophy dictionary

  • logical subject — noun : the subject of a sentence that expresses the actual agent of an expressed or implied action (as father in “it is your father speaking”) or that is the thing about which something is otherwise predicated (as to do right in “it is sometimes… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Logical positivism — (also known as logical empiricism, scientific philosophy, and neo positivism) is a philosophy that combines empiricism the idea that observational evidence is indispensable for knowledge with a version of rationalism incorporating mathematical… …   Wikipedia

  • Logical quality — In many philosophies of logic statements are categorized into different logical qualities based on how they go about saying what they say. Doctrines of logical quality are an attempt to answer the question: “How many qualitatively different ways… …   Wikipedia

  • subject — I adj. (cannot stand alone) subject to (subject to change) II n. topic, theme 1) to bring up, broach; pursue; tackle a subject 2) to address, cover, deal with, discuss, take up, treat a subject 3) to dwell on; exhaust; go into a subject 4) to… …   Combinatory dictionary

  • Logical biconditional — In logic and mathematics, the logical biconditional (sometimes known as the material biconditional) is the logical connective of two statements asserting p if and only if q , where q is a hypothesis (or antecedent) and p is a conclusion (or… …   Wikipedia

  • Logical form — The form or logical form of an argument is the representation of its sentences using the formal grammar and symbolism of a logical system to display its similarity with all other arguments of the same type.It consists of stripping out all… …   Wikipedia

  • logical form — The logical form of a sentence is the structure, shareable with other sentences, responsible for its powers in inferences. That is, its logical form determines the way in which it can be validly deduced from other sentences, and the way other… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Logical symbols — Reading logical symbolism frightens many people more than it should. The very term symbolic logic sounds terrifying, and the presence of even a small amount of symbolism may deter many readers from otherwise perfectly intelligible texts. The… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • subject — I. noun Etymology: Middle English suget, subget, from Anglo French, from Latin subjectus one under authority & subjectum subject of a proposition, from masculine & neuter respectively of subjectus, past participle of subicere to subject,… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Logical atomism — the theory that all the objects in the universe are composed of very small, indestructible elements. (This is the case for the Western [i.e., Greek] theories of atomism. Buddhists also have well developed theories of atomism, and which involve… …   Mini philosophy glossary

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